Find out what fun Toby and Josie have when it snows and the dam freezes over.
Author(s): Pauline Cartwright
Illustrators: Anna Evans
Sound Focus: Long ‘o’
Alignment with Ready to Read Phonics Plus
Emergent Level 6
You can use the following notes to teach students word-level reading/decoding strategies. More in-depth notes can be downloaded below.
Total Word Count: (includes Title) 149
73 different words. 51 are high-frequency words, 53 are decodable, 4 are non-decodable vocabulary words.
Decodability Criteria: Words in this book are either high-frequency words or are decodable according to the following criteria:
• one letter = one sound (e.g. frost)
• doubled letters = one sound (e.g. grinned)
• word endings er, y, ed, ing (e.g. winter, Toby, by, groaned, skating)
• long vowel spellings at the start, in the middle and at the end of words
(e.g. over, frozen, toast, window, go)
Decoding Strategy: As well as revising previously taught strategies, the focus of this book is to recognize the long ‘o’ sound in different positions in words. Spelling patterns for the long ‘o’ sound are coded blue to help students notice them. Students will meet these patterns: o (frozen, over, go, no, Toby, Josie, so, clothes), oa (groaned, toast, coats), ow (window, snow, snowman), o_e (woke, drove, whole, home, nose). When students meet these blue spelling patterns, remind them they will sound like a long ‘o’.
Non-decodable Words: High-frequency words: another, breakfast, clothes, first, love, morning, now, one, out, said, she, shouted, the, there, their, they, white
Vocabulary words: world, whole, warmest, townwoke, looked, frozen, skating, groaned, grinned, make, took, drove, in Text: wanted, smiled, love
Nouns: window, frost, dam, breakfast, toast, clothes, town, day, home, morning, snow, snowman, coats, nose, winter
Download Teacher Notes Reading Running Record